“Guide” nasal bleeding from the medical point of view, mostly because of “lung dryness blood fever” and caused by a phenomenon. If not treated in time, and left to develop, it is likely to have serious consequences. The causes of nosebleed are more related to the following such as; autumn dry season, nasal trauma and drinking too much can also cause nasal bleeding. If the nose often bleeds, it may be due to a cardiovascular system, or a blood disease caused by a complication, so many patients are also very concerned about nasal bleeding treatment. The following small series take you through to know and understand more about nasal bleeding.
How is nose bleed treated?
If the nose is occasionally bleeding, the amount of bleeding being small and it can be stopped in time, then you do not have to worry too much. If it is a repeated multiple bleeding, or a large amount of disposable bleeding, it must be treated with treatment.
The first way to force bleeding is to fill in the nasal cavity with something that can be absorbed.This method is applied to the epistaxis caused by blood diseases or kidney diseases. The materials used are starch sponge, gelatin hemostatic sponge and so on.These fillers can be absorbed by the nasal tissue, so as to avoid damage to the mucous membranes when they are taken out, causing bleeding again, but if the patient is bleeding violently, it does not apply to the method of nasal filling. Cavity bleeding, can also use nasal gauze packing method to stop bleeding, this is one of the most commonly used hemostasis method, nasal bleeding patients are used in this method, if it is the posterior nasal cavity, or is temporarily unable to find the cause of bleeding, it is not applicable to this method.
Bleeding can be very serious in some patients if the blood flow is very severe, if there is a phenomenon rupture of large blood vessels, blood vessel ligation and two-color method should be used to stop bleeding. But vascular ligation has a certain risk, it may cause cerebral thrombosis, or cause blood circulation disorders in the brain, especially in the elderly therefore do not apply this method.
What’s with the nosebleed?
Occasional bleeding in the nasal cavity is a common condition for many people. If it is recurrent bleeding, it may be a sign of a systemic disease in the body, or a symptom of a lesion in some of the structures adjacent to the nasal cavity. The specific reasons are as follows:
A local factor such as a nasal trauma caused by nasal injury, will cause nasal bleeding, such as fractures, surgery, trauma and so on. Another is to digging into the nostrils, severe cough sneezing, foreign bodies in the cavity, some gas to the nasal stimulation, pressure changes will also cause the occurrence of epistaxis. The nasal cavity has inflammation infection, ulcer and so on, it can then easily cause nosebleeds. There are also tumors that can cause epistaxis, common nasopharyngeal carcinoma, sinus malignancies and so on. Of course, dry weather can also cause nosebleeds.
Second, systemic factors. Some diseases can cause the patient’s venous blood pressure to rise, leading to nosebleed phenomenon, common diseases such as chronic nephritis, atherosclerosis, and right heart dilatation. Such blood diseases as hemophilia, leukemia and other blood diseases can cause the patient’s nasal bleeding, which is a blood disease factor. Other factors include hereditary factors, nutritional deficiency, acute fever, certain chemicals, secretion disorders, etc.
Is bilateral nosebleed nasopharyngeal cancer?
In most cases, nostril bleeding is a single nostril bleeding, rarely bilateral nostril bleeding phenomenon, but it can not rule out in some special circumstances. So when bilateral nostril bleeding occurs, patients will think they have nasopharyngeal cancer. So is bilateral nostril bleeding nasopharyngeal cancer?
Nosebleed is the most common clinical symptom. Side nosebleed is rare and in rare cases bilateral nosebleed occurs. Nasopharyngeal cancer is also a cause of bilateral nosebleed, but it does not mean that upper bilateral nostril hemorrhage represents nasopharyngeal cancer.
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma in addition to nosebleed, because of the presence of tumor body, patients will often feel that the mouth of the Eustachian tube is blocked, the symptom is tinnitus, ear tightness, most will cause a slight decline in hearing. And if there is no painful lymph node enlargement, and an increased rapid hard texture, it can also be defined as a differential symptom of nasopharyngeal carcinoma and Epistaxis. Of course, the symptoms of nasopharyngeal cancer, in which a lot of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma, only a few patients with nasal bleeding symptoms, most of the patients with rhinitis, in addition to nosebleeds, there will be at least two other symptoms. So if you find the body has some unexplained symptoms, be sure to seek medical attention in time.
First aid for nosebleed
Nosebleed is a common emergency in life, but most people will not carry out the correct first aid method. The performance of wrong first aid methods can cause issues afterwards. How should first aid be performed with a nosebleed?
Some people with a nose bleed, will quickly lie on the bed, or directly head to the sky, or hurriedly make a paper regiment into the nasal cavity, in fact, these three methods are wrong, the main is unable to stop bleeding. Laying down upward, will only make the blood flow into the esophagus and stomach causing the patient to have nausea. If it is too much bleeding, it may also cause suffocation. Using paper towel plus in the nostril, are more likely to cause an infection. The correct processing method is:
Firstly, nosebleed patients must be calm. With the first bleeding side of the nostril, apply pressure with your finger, temporary hemostasis, while sitting straight, head forward, pay attention to the front instead of leaning backwards. Use your forefinger and thumb to clamp the nose, place an ice pack on the forehead or apply cold compress to the nose root, if a time can not find ice packs. , If you are unable to use an ice lack, then use a towel which has been soaked in cold water.
If the above method is still unable to stop bleeding after 15 minutes, you should immediately go to the hospital for treatment. Even if the hemostasis is successful, you should also go to the hospital to find the cause of bleeding, so that you can avoid the occurrence of bleeding again.
How to Prevent Nosebleed
In autumn and winter, the days are very dry therefore both adults and children noses are prone to having a nosebleed. Most of the nosebleed is not caused by any serious disease, but even after the nosebleed, it will inevitably make people panic. How to prevent nosebleed in life?
First, moisten the nasal cavity. If you feel the nasal cavity is particularly dry, you can drip paraffin oil or glycerin in the nasal cavity to maintain nasal moisture, you can also use cotton swabs dipped in water to moist the nasal cavity.
Second, as little as possible to undertake any vigorous activities, activities to protect the nose, to avoid trauma to the nose. When cleaning the nostrils, it is best to use a cotton swab dipped in warm water to remove foreign bodies, do not use fingers vigorously to pick at the nasal cavity.
Third, pay attention to your diet. In the dry season, you should eat less fatty food and eat more of fruits and vegetables, and drink more water.
Fourth, Prevent respiratory diseases. In addition to some respiratory diseases which will cause nosebleeds, hypertension patients are also prone to a nosebleed population. Therefore, a low fat and low cholesterol diet for hypertension patients are a principle that they must have and follow.
Fifth, if it is an often bleeding symptom of some patients, then one should reduce the content of rich food, less alcohol, less spicy food and eat less hot food in their diet.