Type 2 Diabetes


What is type 2 diabetes?

Type two diabetes, the foremost common type of diabetes, may be a unwellness that happens once your blood glucose, additionally called blood sugar, is just too high. blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes mainly from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose get into your cells to be used for energy. In type 2 diabetes, your body doesn’t build enough insulin or doesn’t use insulin well. too much glucose then stays in your blood, and not enough reaches your cells.

The good news is that you just will take steps to forestall or delay the development of type 2 diabetes.

Who is more likely to develop type 2 diabetes?

You can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood. However, type 2 diabetes happens most frequently in middle-aged and older people. you’re additional seemingly to develop type 2 diabetes if you’re age 45 or older, have a family history of diabetes, or are overweight or obese. diabetes is additional common in people who are African american, Hispanic/Latino, american Indian, Asian american, or Pacific islander.

Physical inactivity and certain health problems such as high blood pressure affect your chances of developing type 2 diabetes. you’re additionally additional seemingly to develop type 2 diabetes if you have prediabetes or had gestational diabetes when you were pregnant. Learn additional about risk factors for type 2 diabetes.


Type 2 diabetes occurs most often in middle-aged and older people.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?
Symptoms of diabetes include

  • increased thirst and urination
  • increased hunger
  • feeling tired
  • blurred vision
  • numbness or tingling in the feet or hands
  • sores that do not heal
  • unexplained weight loss

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes often develop slowly—over the course of several years—and will be therefore delicate that you just won’t even notice them. many people have no symptoms. Some people don’t find out they have the disease until they have diabetes-related health problems, such as blurred vision or heart disease.

What causes type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is caused by several factors, including

  • overweight and obesity
  • not being physically active
  • insulin resistance
  • genes

How do health care professionals diagnose type 2 diabetes?
Your health care professional can diagnose type 2 diabetes based on blood tests. Learn additional regarding blood tests for diabetes and what the results mean.

How can i manage my type 2 diabetes?
Managing your blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol, and quitting smoking if you smoke, are important ways to manage your type 2 diabetes. lifestyle changes that include designing healthy meals, limiting calories if you’re overweight, and being physically active are a part of managing your diabetes. therefore is taking any prescribed medicines. Work with your health care team to create a diabetes care plan that works for you.

Following your meal plan helps you manage your diabetes.

What medicines do i need to treat my type 2 diabetes?

Along with following your diabetes care plan, you’ll would like diabetes medicines, which may include pills or medicines you inject beneath your skin, such as insulin. Over time, you’ll would like quite one diabetes medicine to manage your blood glucose. even if you don’t take insulin, you’ll need it at special times, such as during pregnancy or if you’re within the hospital. you furthermore mght might have medicines for high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or alternative conditions.

What health problems can people with diabetes develop?

Following a good diabetes care plan can help protect against several diabetes-related health problems. However, if not managed, diabetes can lead to problems such as

  • heart disease and stroke
  • nerve damage
  • kidney disease
  • foot problems
  • eye disease
  • gum disease and other dental problems
  • sexual and bladder problems

Many people with type 2 diabetes also have nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Losing weight if you’re overweight or obese can improve NAFLD. diabetes is also linked to alternative health problems such as sleep apnea, depression, some types of cancer, and dementia .

How can i lower my chances of developing type 2 diabetes?

Research such as the diabetes prevention Program , sponsored by the National Institutes of Health, has shown that you simply will take steps to reduce your chances of developing type 2  diabetes if you have got risk factors for the disease. Here are some things you can do to lower your risk:

  • Lose weight if you’re overweight, and keep it off. you may be able to prevent or delay diabetes by losing 5 to 7 percent of your current weight.1 for example, if you weigh 200 pounds, your goal would be to lose regarding 10 to 14 pounds.
  • Move more. Get a minimum of 30 minutes of physical activity, like walking, a minimum of 5 days every week. If you have got not been active, talk along with your health care professional about which activities are best. begin slowly and build up to your goal.
  • Eat healthy foods. Eat smaller portions to reduce the amount of calories you eat day by day and assist you lose weight. choosing foods with less fat is in a different way to cut back calories. Drink water instead of sweetened beverages.


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